Gerunds and Infinitives Part 2

7. Gerunds can often be modified with possessive forms such as his, her, its, your, their, our, John's, Mary's, the machine's, and so on. This makes it clearer who or what is performing the action.

Examples:

  • I enjoyed their singing. They were singing.
  • She understood his saying no to the offer. He said no.
  • Sam resented Debbie's coming late to the dinner. Debbie came late to the dinner.
  • We discussed the machine's being broken. The machine is broken.

8. Some verbs are followed by a noun plus an infinitive. In some situations, the noun is required. In other situations, the noun is optional. List of Verbs Followed by a Noun + an Infinitive

Examples:

  • The police ordered the man to stop. noun is required
  • She asked to leave. noun is optional
  • She asked him to leave. noun is optional

9. Some verbs are usually followed by a gerund, BUT they can also be followed by a noun plus infinitive. Using a noun plus infinitive will usually change who is performing the action. List of Verbs followed by a Gerund OR a Noun + Infinitive

Examples:

  • I advised taking the train. in general
  • I advised him to take the train. He will take the train.

10. There are many "go + gerund" expressions used for adventure sports and individual recreational activities. List of Go + Gerund Combinations

Examples:

  • I go swimming every weekend.
  • Would you ever go skydiving?

11. Gerunds are used after prepositions. Most commonly, these are "verb + preposition" combinations. For reference, see the Verb + Preposition Dictionary and the Phrasal Verb Dictionary. You don't have to memorize these resources, you just need to remember that gerunds are used after prepositions!

Examples:

  • They admitted to committing the crime.
  • Leslie made up for forgetting my birthday.
  • He is thinking about studying abroad.

12. Remember that there are many "adjective + preposition" combinations and "noun + preposition" combinations in English as well. These are also followed by gerunds. List of Adjective + Preposition Combinations Followed by Gerunds and List of Noun + Preposition Combinations Followed by Gerunds. Once again, you don't have to memorize these resources, you just need to remember that gerunds are used after prepositions!

Examples:

  • Sandy is scared of flying. adjective + preposition
  • Nick is anxious about taking the examination. adjective + preposition
  • His interest in becoming a professional snowboarder was well known. noun + preposition
  • Thomas' story about seeing a grizzly bear was really exciting. noun + preposition

Exercises Based on Part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial

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